Phatlalatso ea lefats'e ea phepelo ea maoatle e hloka matlafatso ho e lokisetsa bokamoso

Seboka sa Machaba a Kopaneng sa Khoebo le Ntšetso-pele (UNCTAD) se ipiletse ho thepa ea lefats'e le thepa ea thepa ho aha botsitso ba ketane ea phepelo ka ho eketsa matsete ho meralo ea motheo le botsitso ho itokisetsa likoluoa ​​​​tse tlang.UNCTAD e boetse e khothaletsa boema-kepe, likepe le likhokahano tsa libaka tse ka thoko ho fetela ho matla a khabone e tlase.

Ho latela sengoliloeng se hlahelletseng sa UNCTAD, 'Maritime Transport in Review 2022′, koluoa ​​​​ea phepelo ea thepa ea lilemo tse peli tse fetileng e bonts'itse phapang lipakeng tsa phepelo le tlhoko ea bokhoni ba thepa ea maoatleng e lebisang ho phahamisoeng ha litheko tsa thepa, tšubuhlellano le tšitiso e matla ea liketane tsa boleng ba lefats'e.

Ka lintlha tse bonts'ang hore likepe li na le thepa e fetang 80% ea thepa e rekisoang lefatšeng ka bophara, le karolo e phahameng le ho feta linaheng tse ngata tse ntseng li tsoela pele, ho na le tlhoko e potlakileng ea ho aha matla a ho mamella lits'oants'o tse sitisang liketane tsa phepelo, theko ea mafura le ho ama bophelo ba bareki. futsanehile ka ho fetisisa.e hatisitsoeng tlalehong ea khatiso ena.

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Phepelo ea thepa e matla e kopantsoeng le tlhokahalo e ntseng e eketseha ea thepa ea bareki le khoebo ea e-commerce e khanna litheko tsa thepa ea thepa ho feta makhetlo a mahlano maemo a bona a pele ho koluoa ​​​​ka 2021 mme a fihla sehlohlolong sa nako eohle mathoasong a 2022, a nyolla litheko tsa bareki haholo.Litefiso li theohile ho tloha bohareng ba 2022, empa li lula li le holimo bakeng sa thepa ea litanka tsa oli le khase ka lebaka la koluoa ​​​​e ntseng e tsoela pele ea matla.

UNCTAD e ipiletsa ho linaha ho lekola ka hloko liphetoho tse ka bang teng tlhokahalong ea likepe le ho nts'etsapele le ho ntlafatsa meaho ea boema-kepe le likhokahano tsa linaha tse ling, ha li ntse li sebetsana le lekala la poraefete.Li boetse li lokela ho ntlafatsa khokahanyo ea boema-kepe, ho atolosa polokelo le sebaka sa polokelo le bokhoni, le ho fokotsa khaello ea basebetsi le lisebelisoa, ho latela tlaleho.

Tlaleho ea UNCTAD e tsoela pele ho fana ka maikutlo a hore litšitiso tse ngata tsa phepelo ea thepa le tsona li ka fokotsoa ka ho thusa khoebong, haholo-holo ka ho sebelisa digitalization, e fokotsang linako tsa ho leta le ho fana ka tumello likoung le ho potlakisa ts'ebetso ea litokomane ka litokomane tsa elektroniki le litefo.

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Litšenyehelo tse ntseng li eketseha tsa ho alima, pono e nyahamisang ea moruo le ho se tsitse ha taolo ho tla nyahamisa matsete likepeng tse ncha tse fokotsang ho tsoa ha khase e futhumatsang lefatše, tlaleho e boletse.Litsenyehelo tse ntseng li eketseha tsa ho alima, pono e nyahamisang ea moruo le ho se tsitse ha taolo ho tla nyahamisa matsete likepeng tse ncha tse fokotsang ho tsoa ha likhase tse futhumatsang lefatše, tlaleho e boletse.

UNCTAD e khothalletsa sechaba sa machaba ho etsa bonnete ba hore linaha tse anngoeng hampe haholo ke phetoho ea maemo a leholimo le tse anngoeng haholo ke lisosa tsa eona ha li amehe hampe ke boiteko ba ho fokotsa phetoho ea maemo a leholimo lipalangoang tsa maoatle.

Khokahano e tšekaletseng ka ho kopanya le ho reka ho entse phetoho e kholo indastering ea thomello ea thepa.Likhamphani tse tsamaisang thepa le tsona li ntse li phehella ho hokahana ka kotloloho ka ho tsetela lits'ebetsong tsa terminal le lits'ebeletso tse ling tsa thepa.Ho tloha ka 1996 ho isa ho 2022, karolo ea bajari ba 20 ba kaholimo ho matla a lijana e eketseha ho tloha ho 48% ho isa ho 91%.Lilemong tse hlano tse fetileng, basebetsi ba bane ba ka sehloohong ba ekelitse karolo ea bona ea 'maraka, ba laola karolo e fetang halofo ea matla a lefats'e a likepe, tlaleho e boletse.

UNCTAD e ipiletsa ho ba boholong tlhōlisanong le boema-kepe ho sebetsa 'moho ho sebetsana le khokahanyo ea indasteri ka mehato ea ho sireletsa tlhōlisano.Tlaleho e khothalletsa tšebelisano-'moho e kholoanyane ea machaba ho loantša boitšoaro bo khahlanong le tlhōlisano ho tšela meeli ho lipalangoang tsa maoatleng, ho latela melao le metheo ea tlhōlisano ea Machaba a Kopaneng.


Nako ea poso: Dec-03-2022
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